After you have installed your Ubuntu, now what to do? Before fully exploring the world of Ubuntu, you just have the option to do these optional tasks to fully enhance, upgrade and optimize your Ubuntu at its most. These tasks will make it easy for you to explore Ubuntu, making it a more user-friendly OS. So to start off, here are some tips and tricks I highly recommend.

  1. Run essential updates

  2. Ubuntu frequently updates its installed packages. It is highly recommended that after you install Ubuntu, do this. This updates your Ubuntu to the latest fix and upgrades for installed packages, making it less buggy.
    An alert will appear on your taskbar. Click on it, enter the administration password you set during installation and use the Update Manager to install the essentials.

  3. Update Packages

  4. This is needed to keep in touch with the latest packages that are available for your Ubuntu. Open a terminal window (select it from the menu, or hit [Alt]+[F2] and type gnome-terminal), then type sudo apt-get update to ensure that Ubuntu’s knowledge of packages is up to date.

  5. Perform package upgrades

  6. On the terminal found on on no. 2, type apt-get upgrade. This turns your installed packages into shiny versions.

  7. Upgrade your distribution

  8. On your terminal once again, type apt-get distupgrade to bring your installed distro in line with current standards automatically.

  9. Install restricted extras

  10. Ubuntu is free, so it is not surprising that some features are left out by default for licensing reasons. Don’t worry; you can still install those packages.
    To get the Flash plug-in, support for MP3 and DVD playback and standard TrueType fonts (among other things), search Synaptic Package Manager for ‘ubuntu-restricted-extras’ and install it. This will install all those packages in one install.

  11. Change your wallpaper

  12. The default wallpapers are not bad, but of course, us users prefer wallpaper of our taste. Right-click the desktop and choose ‘Change Desktop Background’ to load one in.

  13. Switch windows styles

  14. To change the look of your windows, there is a tab named “Appearance Preferences”. Click on it and select the “Theme” of your choice. Clicking “Customize” will let you customize specific elements on the window.

  15. Install Hardware Drivers

  16. You need to install the hardware river for your Graphics Card. Go to ‘System | Administration | Hardware Drivers’ to install the latest driver applicable for your card.

  17. Set up desktop effects

  18. To have a more stylish and fancier desktop, go to System | Preferences | Appearance | Visual Effects to enable Visual Effects for your Desktop.

  19. Install VLC

  20. To play media files on your Ubuntu, of course you need VLC. VLC can be found on the Synaptic Package Manager. Search it and install it.

  21. Install GIMP

This is a photo editor which pretty much resembles Photoshop. It doesn’t come pre-installed on the default install. Grab it on the Synaptic Package Manager and start editing your photos.